17% of Bahamians are now homeless. And for those unable to escape, the desperation grows

Across the northern Bahamas, even residents whose houses are still standing aren't necessarily safe.

"So many people here are living in homes that are not suitable to be lived in here in Freeport and in Grand Abaco," CNN's Patrick Oppmann said Tuesday from Freeport.

And those are the lucky ones.

About 17% of all Bahamians are suddenly homeless after Dorian wiped out neighborhoods and ripped houses off foundations. That's 70,000 people who have lost almost everything.

So far, about 5,000 people have been able to flee the Bahamas. But for those stuck in the country's northern islands, the desperation grows each day.

On Grand Bahama island, residents "worry about eating spoiled food because so many markets lost their generators," Oppmann said.

"There's a black market for bread now and every little item that ... we all take for granted."

On Tuesday, nine days after Dorian made landfall on the Bahamas with 185-mph winds, "we are still without power. Sill without water," Oppmann said.

Some families are lining up for hours trying to get aid. Many included small children.

"Understandably, many people, particularly if they have small children ... they just don't want to risk it," Oppmann said. "They just don't want to live in the conditions that we're forced to live in right now."

The struggle to find refuge

Bahamian Prime Minister Hubert Minnis said evacuees will be able to come back. But no one knows how long it will take for ravaged islands to recover.

"I want to assure evacuees that as we start rebuilding their communities they will be returned home," Minnis said.

Already, many Bahamians have had difficulty seeking refuge.

Over the weekend, about 119 ferry passengers hoping to evacuate Grand Bahama to Florida were told to get off a Balearia Caribbean boat if they didn't have visas, the ferry operator said.

US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has said the operator did not properly coordinate the evacuation ahead of time.

The operator, Balearia, has since apologized for the "hardship and inconvenience" the passengers experienced. But Balearia also said it received conflicting information.

"We boarded these passengers with the understanding that they could travel to the United States without their visas, only to later having been advised that in order to travel to Ft. Lauderdale they required prior in-person authorization from the immigration authorities in Nassau," Balearia said in a statement Monday night.

Stephen Silvestri, acting port director for the CBP at Port Everglades, said that the evacuees were ordered off the boat by the ferry operator -- not by any US government entity.

On Tuesday, the acting commissioner of US Customs and Border Protection clarified the rules.

"The requirements remain the same for anyone trying to come to the United States. ... They need travel documents, including the visa," Acting CBP Commissioner Mark Morgan said.

"That captain of that vessel, he knows that. And he knew that if he came to the United States with individuals without travel documents, it would have taken a long time because we're going to do what we always do, which is properly vet everybody. And if they don't have those travel documents, it's going to really slow the process down. What he wanted to do was keep going back and forth and make as many trips" as possible.

But in some cases, Bahamians who don't have travel documents might still be allowed in the US.

"We're trying to strike that balance," Morgan said. "We don't want this mass exodus from (the) Bahamas. ... But those individuals who do make it to the United States that don't have travel documents, of course ... we're going to apply discretion on a case-by-case basis. We're not going to deny somebody solely because they don't have travel documents."

Countless people are still missing, and the death toll will likely soar

The official death toll from the Bahamas is now 50, police said. Authorities found 42 bodies on the devastated Abaco Islands, and eight bodies from Grand Bahama islands.

And an unknown number of people are still missing, the Bahamian National Emergency Management Agency said.

Many could be buried or trapped under mountains of rubble. Others may have been washed away by torrential storm surges and submerged under water.

Morticians on Marsh Harbour, the largest town on the Abaco Islands, said dive teams were needed to recover some of the submerged bodies.

"We anticipate the discovery of more deceased persons, as the process of search and recovery progresses," the Royal Bahamas Commissioner of Police said.

USAID Administrator Mark Green said parts of the Bahamas looked "almost as though nuclear bombs were dropped on them."

Marilyn Laing, a resident of High Rock on Grand Bahama, said she can't even describe how catastrophic the damage is.

"I have no words to say how bad," Laing said. "Maybe one in 10 houses is standing."

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