Why February 2nd? To ancient humans, sun meant life. The sun warmed the Earth, it helped the crops to grow. They tracked the rise and fall of the sun every year. It was lowest on the horizon near the winter solstice; highest in the sky in late June. The other “quarter days” on the calendar of importance were the equinoxes. Those are the days in spring and autumn where there is equal amounts of day and night all over the planet. February 2nd is what’s known as a cross-quarter day. It is halfway between the winter solstice and spring equinox. Right around the beginning of February was the day known in Gaelic (and Celtic and Druid) traditions as a holiday called Imbolc (pronounced Em-BOLG) which is generally thought to mean “in the belly” referring to the sheep that would be pregnant that time of the year. Feasts and festivals to celebrate the beginning of the spring were common in many early northern European cultures.
Why a groundhog? Imbolc is closely associated with Brigid, which historical evidence points to being a pagan goddess before Christianity arrived on the scene and made her into St. Brigid. People would make St. Brigid’s crosses on this holiday. Often woven from grass-like plants called rushes, the crosses often hung over doorways to welcome the new season and as a request for good tidings. By this time of year, food sources had grown scarce and people would often really want to know when spring would arrive. They looked for omens everywhere. This is why this holiday is associated with weather prediction. One of the legends is that on Imbolc,the creator (in their cultures personified as an old woman) would gather her firewood for the rest of the winter. According to the story, if she wished to make the winter last a good while longer, she will make sure the weather on Imbolc is bright and sunny, so she can gather plenty of firewood. Therefore, people would believed if February 2nd is a day of foul weather, it means that the creator was asleep and winter is almost over. In some cultures, this forecasting duty was done by serpents emerging from their dens or hedgehogs from underground burrows.
What about Candelmas? Candelmas is certainly easier to pronounce and spell than Imbolc, but that’s not why they changed the name of the holiday. When Christianity swept Europe, February 2nd became known as Candelmas, a festival of light. In some sects of Christianity, this day came to honor the ritual purification of Mary, 40 days after the birth of Jesus. Also, Christians remember the presentation of Jesus Christ in the temple. 40 days after the birth of a Jewish boy, it was Hebrew tradition to take a boy infant to the temple in Jerusalem to be presented to God by his thankful parents. Regardless, Candelmas continued the pagan tradition of celebrating the lengthening days in the northern hemisphere.
Who is Rufus? Here in the western United States, there are no groundhogs. So, at Q13 News, we use Rufus. He’s a Mountain Beaver, but funny thing is– he isn’t actually a beaver, he just looks like one. Specifically his scientific name is aplodontia rufa. So, we call him Rufus. Basically he’s a rodent just like the groundhog, but lives only in a range that includes Western Washington, Western Oregon and Southern British Columbia. Instead of living underground, he burrows in the sandy hillsides along Puget Sound and other similar waterways around the region. Rufus comes to Q13 News from the Discovery Park Environmental Learning Center. It’s hard to say how often Rufus is correct because of our generally mild winter climate here in the Pacific Northwest. But, expect us to post his prognostication just after sunrise on the 2nd.