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Detroit at the White House: Trump to meet with Big Three auto CEOs

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NEW YORK — President Donald Trump has had a lot to say on Twitter about the U.S. auto industry and its use of Mexican plants. On Tuesday, he will get to speak his mind directly to the CEOs of General Motors, Ford and Fiat Chrysler.

Trump is set to have a breakfast meeting with the three CEOs.

“He looks forward to hearing their ideas on how we can work together to bring more jobs back to this industry in particular,” White House spokesman Sean Spicer said Monday.

Trump tweeted early Tuesday “Will be meeting at 9:00 with top automobile executives concerning jobs in America. I want new plants to be built here for cars sold here!”

But executives from the automakers who have been most active building new plants in recent decades won’t be at the meeting. Toyota, Honda, Nissan and Hyundai, which have U.S. plants as well as plants in Mexico, weren’t invited to this meeting, according to spokespeople from those companies. German automakers BMW and Volkswagen weren’t available for comment.

Between them, foreign automakers employ tens of thousands of workers at their U.S. facilities.

A trade group that includes the big Asian car companies, but not BMW or VW, says its members employ nearly 100,000 people with a total annual payroll of $7.6 billion, and produce about 40% of the cars assembled in the United States.

BMW and VW have about 12,000 workers between their plants in Spartanburg, South Carolina, and Chattanooga, Tennessee. The BMW Spartanburg plant is the company’s largest in the world, and also the largest exporter of cars in the U.S. It sends about 70% of the 400,000 cars it builds annually to other countries.

The White House didn’t respond to questions as to why the foreign firms weren’t invited to Tuesday’s meeting or if they’ll be included in future auto industry summits.

GM, Ford and Fiat Chrysler, the traditional Big Three Detroit automakers, have brought a lot of jobs back since the industry bottomed out in 2009. Together, they now have more than 230,000 employees in the U.S.

Each Detroit automaker says it has added at least 25,000 U.S. jobs since 2009, increasing their employment in the country by about 50% or more. Those U.S. job gains exceed each company’s total employment at their Mexican plants.

And the three Detroit automakers have announced additional U.S. hiring and investment plans since Trump’s election, but they have insisted the decisions were made independently of him. Many of the plans were promised in 2015 labor deals with the United Auto Workers union. Some of that work promised to the UAW in recent years has come from Mexican suppliers.

Trump has been particularly critical of cars built in Mexico, and has praised the Detroit automakers’ recent hiring plans. Spicer mentioned the GM jobs announcement at the start of the press conference Monday, saying that it happened “through his [Trump’s] actions.”

Despite the hiring and investment plans announced here, most of the automakers Mexican operations are due to stay in place.

Ford announced last month that it would cancel plans to build a $1.6 billion plant in Mexico to build small cars. But the car that was to be built there, the Ford Focus, will now be made at a different Mexican plant. Weak sales of small cars, more than Trump’s threat of tariffs, were the reason to cancel plans for a separate plant in Mexico.

Only GM has announced it intends to move jobs from Mexico to a plant in the U.S.

The traditional automakers are concerned about Trump’s threat to impose a 35% tariff on imports from Mexico to the United States.

But what the automakers have said they want as much as anything is to know what rules will apply in the future, especially for imports from Mexico.

“I need clarity, and we need rules,” said Fiat Chrysler CEO Sergio Marchionne at the Detroit auto show this month.